Tourism Value Chain in Egyptian National Economy: Input-Output Analysis

Document Type : Original Article


1 Tourism Studies Department, Faculty of Tourism and Hotels, Minia University

2 faculty of tourism&hotels Minia university


Tourism value chain (TVC) is a sequence of multiple and complex activities and relationships among all actors involved in deliver add a value along the tourism industry. To analyze TVC in depth, a national economic data with complex economic relationships and information on supply and demand across sectors is needed. So, a pioneer study was made in this field. An input-output table was used to analyze the Egyptian tourism sector in the national economy, in order to suggest tourism value chain map in the Egyptian economy at the end. To achieve the aim of the research, a technique was used for data collection based on input- output methodology covering forward and backward linkage effects, by using the 2017 input-output table, which is the latest one released by the Ministry of Planning and Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics in Egypt. The outcome shows that the travel industry area in Egypt has solid in reverse linkages with assembling area followed by Agriculture, Wholesale and Retail exchange exercises, Mining and quarrying, Transportation and Administrative, and other business support exercises. Also, there are frail in reverse linkages with Financial and protection exercises, power area, and logical and specialized exercises. The study thus recommended that Attention to the reasons for the weak backward linkages between the tourism sector with Financial and protection exercises, power area and logical and specialized exercises and try to strengthen it.